OOPS Concepts – Inheritance


Inheritance is a mechanism of acquiring the features and behaviors of a class by another class. The class whose members are inherited is called the base class, and the class that inherits those members is called the derived class. Inheritance implements the IS-A relationship.

For example, mammal IS-A animal, dog IS-A mammal; Hence dog IS-A animal as well.

Advantages

  1. Reduce code redundancy.
  2. Provides code reusability.
  3. Reduces source code size and improves code readability.
  4. Code is easy to manage and divided into parent and child classes.
  5. Supports code extensibility by overriding the base class functionality within child classes.

Disadvantages

  1. In Inheritance base class and child classes are tightly coupled. Hence If you change the code of parent class, it will get affects to the all the child classes.
  2. In class hierarchy many data members remain unused and the memory allocated to them is not utilized. Hence affect performance of your program if you have not implemented inheritance correctly.

Different Types of Inheritance

OOPs supports the six types of inheritance as given below-

  1. Single inheritance

    In this inheritance, a derived class is created from a single base class.

    //Base Class
    class A 
    {
     public void fooA()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class B : A
    {
     public void fooB()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
    
  2. Multi-level inheritance

    In this inheritance, a derived class is created from another derived class.

    //Base Class
    class A 
    {
     public void fooA()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class B : A
    {
     public void fooB()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class C : B
    {
     public void fooC()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
    
  3. Multiple inheritance

    In this inheritance, a derived class is created from more than one base class. This inheritance is not supported by .NET Languages like C#, F# etc.

    //Base Class
    class A 
    {
     public void fooA()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Base Class
    class B
    {
     public void fooB()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class C : A, B
    {
     public void fooC()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
    
  4. Multipath inheritance

    In this inheritance, a derived class is created from another derived classes and the same base class of another derived classes. This inheritance is not supported by .NET Languages like C#, F# etc.

    //Base Class
    class A
    {
     public void fooA()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class B : A
    {
     public void fooB()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class C : A
    {
     public void fooC()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class D : B, A, C
    {
     public void fooD()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
    
  5. Hierarchical inheritance

    In this inheritance, more than one derived classes are created from a single base.

    //Base Class
    class A
    {
     public void fooA()
     
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class B : A
    {
     public void fooB()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class C : A
    {
     public void fooC()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class D : C
    {
     public void fooD()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class E : C
    {
     public void fooE()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class F : B
    {
     public void fooF()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class G :B
    {
     public void fooG()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
    
  6. Hybrid inheritance

    This is combination of more than one inheritance. Hence, it may be a combination of Multilevel and Multiple inheritance or Hierarchical and Multilevel inheritance or Hierarchical and Multipath inheritance or Hierarchical, Multilevel and Multiple inheritance.

    Since .NET Languages like C#, F# etc. does not support multiple and multipath inheritance. Hence hybrid inheritance with a combination of multiple or multipath inheritance is not supported by .NET Languages.

    //Base Class
    class A
    {
     public void fooA()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Base Class
    class F
    {
     public void fooF()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class B : A, F
    {
     public void fooB()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class C : A
    {
     public void fooC()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class D : C
    {
     public void fooD()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
     
    //Derived Class
    class E : C
    {
     public void fooE()
     {
     //TO DO:
     }
    }
    
Advertisements

One comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s